The MAF sensor on your 3.8L V6 Ford Mustang can be testes with a multimeter in 4 easy steps. You don't need a scan tool to troubleshoot a BAD MAF Sensor or a MAF Sensor Code. This article will show you how with step by step instructions.
Although the MAF sensor on your Ford Mustang is inside the round Air Filter canister assembly and hidden from view, you don't have to take it apart to test the MAF sensor.
You can find this tutorial in Spanish here: Cómo Probar el Sensor MAF: 3.8L Ford Mustang (at: autotecnico-online.com).
If you're looking for the article on how to test the Ford MAF Sensor that's not inside the Air Filter canister assembly, go here: How To Test The Ford Mass Air Flow (MAF) Sensor.
Common Symptoms Of A Bad Ford MAF Sensor
The CHECK ENGINE LIGHT will definitely be lit, on your instrument cluster, and your Ford Mustang may also display one or several of the following symptoms:
- MAF Codes that light up the CHECK ENGINE LIGHT (CEL) on your instrument cluster.
- P0102: MAF Signal Low Input to PCM.
- P0103: MAF Signal High Input to PCM.
- MAF sensor malfunction that DOES NOT light up the CHECK ENGINE LIGHT (CEL).
- Lean and/or Rich code(s).
- Fuel Trim code(s).
- A tremendous lack of power upon acceleration.
- Black smoke coming from the tail-pipe.
- BAD gas mileage.
- Vehicle may idle rough and stall.
Circuit Descriptions Of The Ford MAF Sensor's Connector
The mass air flow sensor on your Ford Mustang has four wires (circuits) coming out of the Plastic Round Air Filter Canister. Each one has a specific job to do and below are those ‘job descriptions’:
- Letter A:
- Power (12 Volts) Circuit.
- Letter B:
- Power Ground Circuit.
- Letter C:
- Sensor Ground Circuit (provided by PCM).
- Letter D:
- MAF Sensor Signal.
To test these circuits you'll need to use a tool to pierce the wire to be tested. I recommend using a Wire-Piercing probe since it'll be the most effective and easiest way of getting to the signal. If you need to see what this tool looks like, click here: Wire-Piercing Probe. Independent of the method you use, be careful not to damage the wire(s). Take all safety precautions.
Another important thing to note is that the color of the wires (coming out of your Mustang) does not matter. In other words, the circuit description/job of the wire is the same regardless of year and color of the wire.
IMPORTANT: All of the tests are ON CAR TESTS, do not remove the mass air flow sensor from the vehicle or from its plumbing.
How Does The MAF Sensor Work?
Knowing how the MAF sensor works on your Ford Mustang will help you to understand the tests you're about to perform. So here in a nutshell is what happens when the crank and start the car:
- The MAF sensor gets power (12 volts) and ground. ground is provided by two different circuits. One ground circuit goes directly to the battery negative terminal. The second ground circuit is provided by the PCM internally.
- When the engine finally starts and idles, the MAF Sensor provides a voltage of about 1 Volt DC. This voltage may fluctuate a bit since it depends on the amount of air flow the engine needs to warm up and stuff.
- Now, as you accelerate the engine, the throttle opens. This lets more air into the engine.
- This increase in air flow is sensed by the MAF Sensor and it in turn converts this increase in airflow into an increasing voltage signal that the PCM uses to know that more air is entering the engine.
Now, just to recap the above info, the MAF Signal's DC voltage is directly related to amount of air the engine is breathing. Therefore, if the engine is breathing in more air at 2500 RPM's that at an idle of 900RPM's the voltage output will be greater at 2500 RPM's than at idle.
Now, when testing this voltage signal, the important thing to know is not an actual volts number at a specific RPM, but to look for crazy and extreme fluctuations in the voltage signal that do not correspond to the actual air intake (RPM's) of the engine or no Signal at all. For example: If at Idle the voltage reading starts to spike up and down without you accelerating the engine or if there's no signal at all.
In the TEST 4 section of this article, I'll show how you'll use a base voltage reading at idle from the MAF Sensor that will help you to confirm that the MAF Sensor is bad or not.
Ford Mustang MAF Sensor Application Chart
- Mustang 3.8L
- 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003
- Mustang 3.8L