The Chrysler 4-wire Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) sensor can be tested without using a scan tool and in this article I'll show you a very accurate way of testing it with only a multimeter (and a vacuum pump).
So, if the Check Engine Light (CEL) is on and you've got Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTC) P0108, P0109 and you need to check the MAP sensor, this is the article you need.
The MAP Position Test is divided into three parts, and so... to help you navigate this article, here are the contents of this article at a quick glance:
- Symptoms Of A BAD MAP.
- MAP SENSOR TEST 1: Checking The MAP Signal With A Multimeter.
- MAP SENSOR TEST 2: Verifying The 5 Volt Reference Signal.
- MAP SENSOR TEST 3: Verifying Ground to the MAP Sensor.
- MAP Code Will Not Go Away.
- How The MAP Sensor Works.
- Where To Buy The MAP sensor And Save.
Also, this articles covers several Chrysler 2.0L, 3.2L, and 3.5L vehicles from Chrysler, Dodge, Plymouth. To see if this article applies to your specific vehicle take a look at the Applies To container on the column on the left.
If you need to test the 3 wire MAP sensor go to: 3-Wire Chrysler MAP Sensor.
The following OBD II code tutorials will also help you diagnose your MAP sensor:
- P0107 MAP Sensor OBD II Trouble Code (at: troubleshootmyvehicle.com).
- P0108 MAP Sensor OBD II Trouble Code (at: troubleshootmyvehicle.com).
You'll find several Chrysler ‘How to Test’; articles by checking out the: Chrysler Index of Articles.
You can find this tutorial in Spanish here: Cómo Probar el Sensor MAP (de 4 Cables de Chrysler) (at: autotecnico-online.com).
Symptoms Of A BAD MAP Sensor
You'll have the CHECK ENGINE LIGHT on, for sure, on your instrument cluster and one of several of the following symptoms:
- MAP Sensor Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) P0108, P0109 stored in the vehicle's computer's memory.
- P0107: MAP Sensor Voltage Too Low. To learn more about DTC P0107, check out the following tutorial: P0107 MAP Sensor OBD II Trouble Code (at: troubleshootmyvehicle.com).
- P0108: MAP Sensor Voltage Too High. To learn more about DTC P0108, check out the following tutorial: P0108 MAP Sensor OBD II Trouble Code (at: troubleshootmyvehicle.com).
- Really BAD gas mileage. You know that it's not the price of Gasoline that has you thinking that your car or mini-van is costing you more at the pump.
- Clouds of black smoke coming out of the tail-pipe, especially when you accelerate you car or mini-van.
- No power and/or hesitation as you accelerate the vehicle. It feels like all of a sudden someone cut the power out momentarily as you step on the gas to get the vehicle moving.
MAP SENSOR TEST 1: Checking The MAP Signal With A Multimeter
The MAP sensor's job is to measure the amount of vacuum the engine is creating and then to convert this into a voltage signal that is sent directly to the Powertrain Control Module (PCM).
When the MAP sensor goes BAD, it'll stop producing a MAP signal or will produce and erratic one. So, the very first thing that you'll do, is to check the condition of this MAP signal with a multimeter.
This is a pretty easy test and will take you about 15 minutes or less to do. If you don't own a vacuum pump, you can rent one from your local AutoZone (or O'reilly Auto Parts). OK, let's start:
NOTE: You'll need a multimeter to test your vehicle's MAP sensor. If you don't have one and need to buy one or upgrade yours, the following recommendation will help: Abe's Digital Multimeter Recommendation.
Remove the MAP sensor from the intake manifold.
Reconnect the MAP sensor to its electrical connector once you have removed it.
On your multimeter, turn the selector to Volts DC. Next, with the red multimeter lead, probe the wire identified by the number 1 in the image viewer.
The color of the wires may not be the same on your Chrysler car as the ones in the photo. This is nothing to worry about since the circuits are all the same.
Ground the black multimeter test lead on the battery negative terminal and then have your helper turn the Key On but don't start the engine.
The multimeter should record 4.5L Volts (or somewhere in the 4 Volt neighborhood). If it doesn't... don't worry about it yet, just continue with the rest of the test steps.
Now, connect your vacuum pump to the MAP sensor using a large diameter hose.
Whatever hose you use, it's important that it makes a tight seal on both the MAP sensor's vacuum inlet nipple and the vacuum hose.
When you have the vacuum pump all set up, pump it up and at the different vacuum readings, indicated below, you should the corresponding Voltage:
- 1.) 0 in. Hg ...... 4.7 Volts.
- 2.) 5 in. Hg ...... 3.9 Volts.
- 3.) 10 in. Hg .... 3.0 Volts.
- 4.) 15 in. Hg .... 1.1 Volts.
On your specific Chrysler vehicle, the actual readings will be a little different (but not by much). The key here is that as you increase vacuum, the voltage reading will decrease in a smooth and linear fashion (without any gaps or crazy readings). Once you release the vacuum you've applied, the voltage reading should go back up to the value you registered in step 4.
Let's take a look at what your test results mean:
CASE 1: As you applied vacuum, the Voltage decreased in a smooth linear way with no gaps, then the Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor is OK. No further MAP sensor tests are needed.
Now, if the MAP sensor code won't go away, take a look at the info found at: MAP Code Will Not Go Away for a few more suggestions as to what could be causing the MAP sensor Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC).
CASE 2: As you applied vacuum, the Voltage DID NOT increase in a smooth linear way and/or there were gaps, this tells you that the MAP sensor is fried and needs to be replaced.
CASE 3: If the multimeter DID NOT register any voltage, this isn't good, but doesn't condemn the Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor as BAD yet.
The MAP sensor may not be getting a supply of either Power or Ground. To test this go to MAP SENSOR TEST 2: Verifying The 5 Volt Reference Signal.