How To Test Engine Compression (1994-2003 2.2L Chevrolet S10, GMC Sonoma)

How To Test Engine Compression (1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 2.2L Chevrolet S10, GMC Sonoma, And Isuzu Hombre)

The engine compression test is the go-to test to find out the engine's internal health.

Thankfully, testing the engine compression on the 2.2L Chevrolet S10 and GMC Sonoma is pretty easy since the spark plugs are accessible.

In this tutorial, I'll explain the engine compression test step by step and, more importantly, how to interpret its results.

You'll quickly and easily find out if an engine compression problem is causing an engine no-start problem or a misfire.

In Spanish You can find this tutorial in Spanish here: Cómo Probar La Compresión Del Motor (1994-2003 2.2L Chevrolet S10, GMC Sonoma) (at:

APPLIES TO: This tutorial applies to the following vehicles:

  • 2.2L Chevrolet S10: 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003.
  • 2.2L GMC Sonoma: 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003.
  • 2.2L Isuzu Hombre: 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000.

Symptoms Of Low Or No Engine Compression

Depending on the type of engine compression problem your engine is experiencing, you'll see one of the two following issues:

  • An engine no-start problem.
  • An engine misfire problem.

Here's a basic breakdown of the symptoms you'll see when the engine starts but is suffering an engine compression problem:

  • Bad gas mileage.
  • A heavier exhaust smell coming out of its tailpipe.
  • Engine is not as peppy as it was once.
  • Rough idle that goes away as soon as you accelerate the engine.

Which Compression Tester Should I Buy?

There are lot of engine compression testers to choose from and many places to buy them. I'm gonna' make two recommendations to you:

1) Which one to buy:  The engine compression tester that I have always used is the Actron CP7827 Compression Tester Kit. My only complaint about this engine compression tester is that it does not come with a case to store it in.

2) Where to buy:  You can buy an engine compression tester just about anywhere, but you'll end up paying more for it (especially at your local auto parts store). The above links will help you comparison shop. I think you'll agree it's the better way to save money on the compression tester!

TEST 1: Dry Engine Compression Test

How To Test Engine Compression (1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 2.2L Chevrolet S10, GMC Sonoma, And Isuzu Hombre)

I'm going to recommend that you test the compression of all four cylinders to get the most accurate test result.

If you're wondering why (you need to test all four cylinders), it's to obtain the highest compression value the engine produces to interpret the test results accurately.

Once you have obtained the compression values of all four cylinders, we'll turn the page and interpret what it all means.

If you don't have an engine compression tester, you can borrow one from your local auto parts store (AutoZone, O'Reilly Auto Parts, etc.).

If you'd like to buy one, check out my recommendations here: Which Compression Tester Should I Buy?

IMPORTANT: Do not remove the spark plugs if the engine is hot. If the engine has been running for any amount of time, let it cool down completely before removing the spark plugs.

CAUTION: Take all necessary safety precautions. The engine has to be cranked to perform the engine compression test. Be careful and think safety all the time!

Okay, to get this show on the road, this is what you need to do:

  1. 1

    Disable the fuel system by removing the fuel pump relay.

    This will prevent fuel from being injected into the cylinders as you crank the engine.

  2. 2

    Disable the ignition system by disconnecting the ignition coil/ignition module assembly from its electrical connector(s).

    Don't overlook this step, since disabling the ignition system will prevent the ignition coil pack from firing spark during the test.

  3. 3

    Disconnect all 4 spark plug wires from their spark plugs.

    I recommend labeling the spark plug wires before removing them so you'll know where they go when you put them back on.

  4. 4

    Remove the spark plugs.

    As you' re taking them out, be careful and don't drop any of them on the floor, or you could cause the spark plug's ceramic insulator to break, and this will cause a misfire!

  5. 5

    Thread the engine compression gauge into the spark plug hole for the number 1 engine cylinder (this is the spark plug hole closest to the drive belt).

    IMPORTANT: Hand tighten the compression gauge only! Do not use any type of tool to get it tight.

  6. 6

    When the tester is set up, ask your helper to crank the engine. Your job is to keep your eye on the compression tester's gauge.

  7. 7

    Once the needle on the gauge stops climbing, have your helper stop cranking the engine.

  8. 8

    Write down the compression value on a piece of paper.

    Include the number of the cylinder this reading belongs to.

  9. 9

    Repeat steps 5 thru 8 on the remaining cylinders.

Let's examine your test results:

CASE 1: 0 PSI compression in 2 or all 4 cylinders. This test result indicates a serious internal problem.

The most common issues would be:

  • Blown head gasket.
  • Broken timing chain or timing gear.
  • Engine threw a rod.

CASE 2: Low compression in one or more cylinders. It's not unusual for the compression values to vary between cylinders.

But if these values vary too much, then you're gonna' have a bonafide misfire on your hands.

The next step is to do some math to find out if this low compression value is within a normal parameter or not. Go to: Interpreting Your Compression Test Results.

Chevrolet Vehicles:

  • S10 Pickup 2.2L
    • 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003

GMC Vehicles:

  • Sonoma 2.2L
    • 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003

Isuzu Vehicles:

  • Hombre 2.2L
    • 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000