Misc Index

Testing the vane air flow (VAF) sensor of the 1992-1993 3.0L Toyota Camry can be done easily and accurately using only a multimeter. That's right, you'll be able to find... [read more]

A MAF sensor can be tested without a scan tool. How? With a digital multimeter. Yes, a digital multimeter can be used in testing the mass air flow (MAF) sensor. In this... [read more]

The two most common causes of a no-start condition, in my experience, are a lack of fuel or a lack of spark. This article will shed some light on the most basic steps that... [read more]

The LED is an automotive LED with a built in resistor. I soldered extra wires and added the alligator clips. This has been my go-to tool for a lot of the activation signal... [read more]

Bench testing the starter is the most effective way to find out if the starter motor is in fact bad. This is an easy test that you can accomplish yourself without having to... [read more]